Many are furious at something Donald Trump just did
Overall, NASA's funding for 2018 would be cut from roughly $19.3 billion to $19.1 billion and some of NASA missions in development - including one to land on Jupiter's icy moon Europa and a few Earth science missions - will not go forward, according to the budget proposal.
Bill Nye, a longtime supporter of correct, up-to-date scientific information, has shown the current administration how they can tailor their plans to be less "1960s moonshot flashback" and more "scientifically-minded space research".
Others, though, are gearing up to make the case for preserving climate science funding to officials in Congress.
The first inklings of potential impacts on climate science came when the Washington Post obtained a budget planning document two weeks ago that indicated NOAA's satellite and research divisions could see their budgets slashed.
Also being cut were programs involving NASA's education and planetary research programs, with the education program being eliminated altogether.
"We encourage Congress to act in the nation's best interest and support sustainable funding for federal research and development - for both defence and non-defence programmes - as it works to address the 2018 budget".
Though the Science Mission Directorate and the individual NASA centers operate some outreach programs, the Office of Education is responsible for coordinating those efforts. A 2016 research effort that analyses children's maths, science and reading scores from around the world found that the USA didn't even crack the top 20 in the science category.
Other programs that are being subjected to budget cuts are all of NASA's education office, which run educational and enrichment programs, offers scholarships and internships to budding scientists.
The same scenario would play out at many other science agencies if this budget blueprint is implemented, Hourihan and others note. An earlier leak of the budget also suggested cuts to the agency's satellite program. In fact, it was the space agency's second cheapest ongoing earth sciences program. The four Earth science missions that are being canceled are the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) satellite the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 (OCO-3), the already-launched Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), and the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) Pathfinder Project, which is a proposed instrument to be launched to the International Space Station to measure how much solar radiation is reflected back from the Earth's surface-an important measurement for tracking the rate of climate change. That is in line with statements from Trump as well as Representative Lamar Smith, the chair of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology.
The department to fall heavily under the budget axe is the Earth-science department with a total budget cut of $102 million or nearly 5 percent of the projects annual budget.
But the plan for NASA would still shift money around in ways that largely reflect Trump's stated intentions to have the agency focus less on monitoring Earth's vital functions and more on space exploration.
Industry stalwarts like Boeing and Lockheed Martin were expected to benefit from this new initiative, but smaller firms like Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) would also be vying for NASA dollars.
In a statement, NASA's acting chief Robert Lightfoot said the proposed cancellation of ARM won't result in the loss of some work for that mission. It should be noted that this budget is just the proposal and none of the funds will be allocated until Congress decides where the funds go.
"Government is one of our institutions that can take a long view rather than short-term quarterly earnings views", she said. And we'll see where priorities are shifting in individual departments.